Start here: Euthanasia
And then read this recent article.
Comments and arguments are welcome.
“Off the west coast of Canada, Vancouver Island has been ground zero for assisted suicide in the country. It was here that Sue Rodriguez, a 42-year-old suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or A.L.S., began her battle to die with dignity in the 1990s, going all the way to the Supreme Court. “If I cannot give consent to my own death, whose body is this? Who owns my life?” she famously said.”
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After consulting 73 experts in five countries, as well as 92 representatives from 46 Canadian organizations, and after collecting over 300 document submissions from stakeholders and almost 15,000 responses online, the federal government of Canada has released an external panel’s report on appropriate legal options in response to Carter v. Canada, last year’s case on physician-assisted suicide.
On February 6, 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that sections 241(b) and 14 of the Criminal Code—which make it illegal for anyone, including a physician, to assist in the death of another person—violate the constitutional rights of adults who suffer from grievous and irremediable illness. The decision decriminalized assisted suicide by physician-issued prescription and by voluntary euthanasia (when a physician administers life-ending medication).
Euthanasia for Children? [Source.]
Passive euthanasia, withdrawing or withholding treatment with the effect of hastening a patient’s death, has long been legal in Canada. Active euthanasia, taking positive measures to bring about a patient’s death, will soon also be legal as per a decision of the Supreme Court of Canada in February 2015. A new public debate has emerged in the wake of this step: Should the right to ask for one’s own life to be terminated to be extended to children too?
It is not as strange a thought as it may seem: in the Netherlands euthanasia is lawful for patients over the age of 12, in Belgium for terminally ill children of any age if they are experiencing ‘constant and unbearable suffering’. The consent of parents and doctors is, of course, needed. Dr Eduard Verhagen is a lawyer and the medical director at the department of paediatrics at the University Medical Center Groningen. He argues that “most children with a life-limiting illness, before they have even entered the terminal phase, have made decisions about their treatment, and about their lives 30, 40 or 50 times.” A Canadian provincial-territorial advisory panel has now argued that access to doctor-assisted dying should not be hindered “by the imposition of arbitrary age limits.”
Arthur Caplan, head of medical ethics at New York University’s Langone Medical Center comments: “Setting the precedent that the state is going to tolerate killing children, even mature minors, is very, very dangerous… It’s the slippery slope argument, and this is a slope I worry about. Sometimes I don’t, but this one I do.” There is also serious opposition from medical practitioners: “Most of our fight is about kids that want to live … not most of our fight, all of our fight is about that, and how to do it with as minimal suffering as possible,” says Dr Stephen Liben, director of the Montreal Children’s Hospital pediatric palliative care programme. “The last thing I need as a palliative care physician for children is a euthanasia law.”
“Euthanasia: The Debate Continues.” [Source.]
Global News report. [Source]
On Feb. 6, 2015, the Supreme of Court of Canada’s decision in Carter v. Canada struck down the ban on doctor-assisted dying. The unanimous ruling gave eligible patients the right to receive physician help to die.
Our new government of Canada has four months to develop legislation that will respond to the Supreme Court of Canada ruling that the current law that makes it illegal for anyone to help people end their own lives should be amended to allow doctors to help in specific situations. Go here for a CBC report.
The Nova Scotia College of Physicians and Surgeons has released a draft document to act as a guide to doctors who will be involved in physician-assisted suicide when it becomes legal in February.
Is there a difference between killing and letting die? “Bob Lane argued convincingly in the Humanist in Canada that there is no real moral difference between these actions. But one who administers a lethal dose is subject to extreme legal sanctions, while another who achieves similar results by stopping treatment will suffer no legal consequences.”
More discussion available by clicking on either of the magazine covers above or go to the BC Civil Liberties site.
This is an important issue that citizens should think about and then let the government know what they believe and why.
The SCC rules On death and dying – finds 241, b in violation of section 7 of the Charter
I started to write “the Sue Rodriguez case has reminded us all…” and then I realized how wrong that is. It is not the Sue Rodriguez ‘case’ — it is Sue Rodriguez who has reminded us all of our own mortality and our need to think carefully about the kind of society we want to live and to die in. I knew Sue Rodriguez only through the media, heard her speak so eloquently and painfully in support of what she believed in, watched as her strength was sapped by the devastating disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), and was moved by her clear thought and her bravery as a person facing death. Here was a woman who acted on her beliefs with courage and tenacity and whose grace has enriched us all. [Click on title above for the article.]
In 26 lectures Yale Professor Kagan discusses the philosophical questions that arise when one contemplates the nature of death. A brilliant and engaging lecturer, Kagan has become a philosophical super star. The link takes you to Lecture 1 0 Course Introduction.