Letter from South America

Up for Grabs...Live

Up for Grabs…Live (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Dear Bob,
Not long ago events here in Colombia made me think of Episyllogism and a topic discussed in this blog many times: the power of bullshit or spin.  As you might have heard the Colombian government negotiated a peace agreement with the guerrilla group FARC – a negotiation that took four years after several failed attempts during previous governments. In order to make it law, the president had two options: have a referendum or have it approved by the congress. He chose to take this to the polls, so we had a referendum in October. The country divided over the matter; which seems like a surprise, as the choice of peace would appear to be a no-brainer. The social networks helped the NO campaign big time (ah! and many church leaders too!). They were inundated with bullshit. The messages either distorted what was included in the agreement or simply made up outrageous facts. After hearing some of these claims from my students, I decided it was time to read the real agreement; a difficult task, given the length and the complexity of the text, but undoubtedly, a necessary thing.  And then I found myself almost getting mad at a one my students about all of this. One day she told me she was going to vote against. Why?, I asked. She pulled out her cellphone and was ready to show me a message forwarded to her on WhatsApp. I tried to stop her: No, no, no. Don’t even show me that. Do you know the source? –Yes…my brother in law…  No, no, no!. The real source! Those messages are propaganda! I don’t want to read that. 
And I mentioned some of the things I had read which completely debunked the lies in the message. Later I pondered about my reaction. The bullshit made me mad and I almost had a fight with my student! Then I heard in the news that indeed many friends and families were fighting over this. But I had a good reason to be mad: the exaggeration was so ridiculous and it was so easy and convenient to read these “summaries” of the long text: Read the damn text carefully! – I don’t have time…. In the end my effort was fruitless: my student voted against the agreement despite my attempt to rectify the bullshit. The campaign to vote NO was rampant in the net (and in some pulpits too). After it succeeded, the campaign leader of one of the biggest groups against the agreement acknowledged that he had used well-known spin tactics, clearly distorting and confusing. But this confession didn’t have much effect.
No one wanted to say they had been deceived and therefore wrong about their vote. I wonder if the country learned anything about bullshit or we are too proud to admit we can be victims of spin-doctors if we don’t watch it. Fortunately, the congress approved a new agreement and it is in the process of implementation. And by the way, Canada is sending some troops to help with peace keeping.
Well, that is all for now. Peace for all. Until next time,



Michael Oakeshott: Notebooks (1922-86)

Edited by Luke O’Sullivan

Imprint Academic, 585pp, £50

Who now reads Michael Oakeshott? Until recently, very few people indeed. It took 30 years for his first book, Experience and Its Modes (1933), to sell out its initial print run of 1,000 copies. Nor was its author well known even towards the end of his life. The possibly apocryphal story goes that after her election in 1979 Mrs Thatcher was keen to celebrate the conservative intellectuals who, as she saw it, had helped make victory possible. “Let’s give that man Oakeshott a title!” she cried. A knighthood was duly produced . . . but for Walter Oakeshott, the (no less deser­ving) former vice-chancellor of Oxford and specialist in medieval literature.


Pasted from <http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/2014/04/michael-oakeshott-conservative-thinker-who-went-beyond-politics>


19/03/2009 La Ministra de Cultuta de Colombia ...

19/03/2009 La Ministra de Cultuta de Colombia Paula Moreno y el escritor colombiano Gabriel García Marquez fueron los encargados de entregar el Mayahuel de Plata a Victor Gaviria (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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In a small series of sheds in Sussex an 19th-century joker and eccentric hoarded the evidence that reconciles Shakespeare the playwright with Shakespeare the man. Charles Nicholl uncovers a remarkable story


Pasted from <http://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/apr/11/shakespeare-scholar-tramp-charles-nicholl>


The omnivores contradiction. Foodies are zealous about ethical eating and expert at evading this question: How can we raise, love, and then kill an animal?…. more»


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Dance and literature. Samuel Beckett, a fanatic for stage direction, drew on Eurhythmy, music hall, ballet. He wasn’t alone. For modernists, movement was everything… more»


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Trade one life to save five? A Harvard psychologist thinks “deep pragmatism” can transcend the moral limitations of man. Thomas Nagel is dubious… more»


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