Responses are welcome.
EDITORIAL / Hykel Hosni
THE REASONER SPECULATES
– Alice is not impressed by the Sorites Paradox / Jeff Paris
– Ampliative Reasoning in the Sciences – 5th Work- shop on Logic, Reasoning, and Rationality, May 18–19 / Dunja Seselja, Mathieu Beirlaen and Erik Weber
– Summer School in Social Epistemology, 28 August–1 September / Gloria Andrada
WHAT’S HOT IN…
– (Formal) Argumentation Theory / Sanjay Modgil
– Medieval Reasoning / Graziana Ciola
– Uncertain Reasoning / Seamus Bradley
– Philosophy and Economics / Conrad Heilmann
– Evidence-based medicine / Michael Wilde
– Courses and programmes
– Jobs and Studentships
Professor Lane with the Reverend Doctor Lex Crane
Vol. 5, No. 5 (2017): Gilbert Ryle: Intelligence, Practice, Skill
Special issue edited by Juliet Floyd and Lydia Patton.
Table of Contents
Volume Introduction: Gilbert Ryle on Propositions, Propositional Attitudes, and Theoretical Knowledge
Ryle’s “Intellectualist Legend” in Historical Context
Skill, Drill, and Intelligent Performance: Ryle and Intellectualism
Stina Bäckström, Martin Gustafsson
Ryle on the Explanatory Role of Knowledge How
Social media is filled with arguments. But usually they are comprised of opinions or pictures and not ‘good arguments’. We humans don’t often actually produce arguments, but merely shout at each other. How does this use of ‘argument’ arise? Why do we usually think of argument as a brannigan or donnybrook? Like all words ‘argument’ has evolved.
A quick internet trip to Thesaurus.com yields for ‘argument’ over 50 synonyms. These include ‘brawl’ ‘clash’ ‘spat’ etc. But notice:
Word Origin & History – argument late 14c., “statements and reasoning in support of a proposition,” from Fr. argument (13c.), from L. argumentum, from arguere “to argue” (see argue). Sense passed through “subject of contention” to “a quarrel,” a sense formerly attached to argumentation.
The word carries with it two distinct senses:
- an exchange of diverging or opposite views, typically a heated or angry one.
“I’ve had an argument with my father”
- a reason or set of reasons given with the aim of persuading others that an action or idea is right or wrong.
“there is a strong argument for submitting a formal appeal”
Lawyers and, of course, philosophers use the word in the second sense, while on social media it is often the first sense that is intended.
In Episode 29 of Monty Python’s Flying Circus a customer goes to the Argument Clinic but initially arrives in the abuse room where he runs into Mr. Barnard.
Mr. B: What do you want?
C: Well, I was just . . .
Mr. B: Don’t give me that, you snotty-faced heap of parrot droppings!
After abuse like that for some time the customer finds Mr. Vibrating in the argument room:
C: Ah, is this the right room for an argument?
Mr. V: I told you once.
C: No, you haven’t.
Mr. V: Yes, I have.
Mr. V: Just now.
C: No, you didn’t.
Mr. V: Yes I did.
Mr. V merely contradicts every statement that the customer makes. Finally the Customer draws the distinction as follows: “Argument is an intellectual process. Contradiction is just he automatic gainsaying of anything the other person says.”